Undergraduate Science Courses

Natural and Applied Sciences Customized Course Descriptions

Science and technology are driving the "innovation economy" of the future. Courses in the Department of Natural and Applied Sciences at Bentley, including psychology, focus on the interests of business students, enabling them to apply knowledge of scientific principles, methods, and recent discoveries to their personal and professional lives.

All courses offered by the Natural Sciences Department may be used as Arts and Sciences or unrestricted electives. All 300 and 400 level courses satisfy the Mathematics/Natural Sciences elective requirement.

Courses

NASC 100 Astronomy: Solar System (4 credits)

Note: Satisfies 4-credit Natural Sciences requirement.

The astronomer's role has changed drastically during the past two millenia, from analyzing the motions of the planets, to theorizing about Earth's place in the universe, to directly observing and analyzing astronomical objects with telescopes and space probes. Using a variety of approaches, we will examine the tools and methods of the astronomer, and apply them in fully surveying solar system objects. Students will gain insight into the role of modern astronomy, through both telescopes and NASA, in both the scientific world and in areas of business. The Earth's atmosphere, interior, climactic, and 21st century environmental issues facing our planet will also be covered, as well as how studying other planets provides key insights to better understanding the Earth.

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NASC 101 Astronomy: Stars & Universe (4 credits)

Note: Satisfies 4-credit Natural Sciences requirement.

While most students are somewhat familiar with the inhabitants of the solar system: planets, moons, and comets, very little attention is given to the subject of the stars in the pre-collegiate curriculum. This course introduces the student to a subject that makes up more than two thirds of the effort of the observational and the theoretical astronomer. It stresses not descriptive detail, but the "detective" aspect of the science: the how, why and what for, and the application of various discoveries to extract further understanding. In addition, astronomy beyond the solar system provides the scientist with a laboratory for energetic phenomena that cannot be reproduced on earth and can tell us about the ultimate nature of matter both at the subatomic and at the cosmic levels.

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NASC 110 Human Biology (4 credits)

Note: Satisfies 4-credit Natural Sciences requirement.

Introduces students to the essential mechanisms of human biology and their applications. The course builds an understanding of how complex human systems represent consequences of the genes comprising the human genome and their expression, the functions of biological pathways, and the electrochemical properties of cells. An understanding of these mechanisms on a molecular level is applied to explore mechanisms of health and disease, recent scientific discoveries, the development of biopharmaceutical products, and controversies in biomedicine. The emphasis on this course is on the understanding the broad applicability of basic biological mechanisms to issues of personal, temporal, or business interest.

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NASC 111 Green Biology: Ecological and Botanical Connections (4 credits)

Note: Satisfies 4-credit Natural Sciences requirement.

Ecological and botanical examples and models will provide connections to basic concepts of biology. These concepts will be investigated through lectures, field trips, laboratory exercises, demonstrations, computer simulations, and internet resources. For example, cell structure and function and resulting tissues will be related to sources of economically important botanical products and primary productivity in ecosystems. Natural selection and genetic inheritance will be applied to plant breeding, conservation of genetic diversity, and management of natural and human-made ecosystems. Topics related to the study of human populations will include population growth rates, complete nutrition from botanical sources, spread of disease, and environmental impacts. Throughout the course an understanding of the evolutionary implications of past environments, species interactions, and human activities will be emphasized.

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NASC 112 Evolution, Human Genetics and Behavior (4 credits)

Note: This is an Honors-only course

In this interactive honors seminar, students critically analyze in papers and student-led class discussions readings from a wide variety of sources not normally used in traditional science classes. In readings about the Salem witch trials, satanic cults, recovered memories of abuse, UFOs, and the FDA drug approval process, students examine the scientific process. Students will critically debate the application of evolutionary thinking to modern problems in evolutionary psychology and behavioral genetics: Is there an evolutionary explanation for rape? Is there a gay gene? Each student will be responsible for collaboratively teaching one seminar focused on one gene or group of genes on one chromosome as a means to understand a basic concept of human genetics, including its potential application to a wide range of other topics.  D

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NASC 121 Consumer Chemistry (4 credits)

Note: Satisfies 4-credit Natural Sciences requirement.

Provides a secure foundation of the principles of chemistry as they are applied to the study of consumer materials. To gain an understanding of the role of chemicals in consumer materials, students will investigate the composition and properties of selected consumer products. Of special interest and consideration are the potential toxicity of all chemicals, the basic nutritional value of food, the function of food additives, the role of pesticides in pest control, the positive and negative attributes of drugs, the composition of cosmetics, the carbon-based fuels, and the utility of household chemicals. Brand comparisons are conducted in the laboratory by exploring the ingredients and the properties of selected consumer products.

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NASC 122 Environmental Chemistry (4 credits)

Note: Satisfies 4-credit Natural Sciences requirement.

Explores the nature of environmental problems through chemistry. Students examine the movement and change of matter in order to understand the relationships among air pollution, water pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, climate change and energy production. In the laboratory, students conduct analyses of air and water samples and produce alternative fuels like ethanol and biodiesel.

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NASC 130 Principles of Geology (4 credits)

Note: Satisfies 4-credit Natural Sciences requirement.

Introduces the basic principles of geology and the societal relevance of the discipline through classroom discussions and laboratory activities. Exploration centers on the process of scientific inquiry, building around systems of plate tectonics and the rock cycle, followed by an examination of Earth's surficial processes, including the role of water, ice, wind, and gravity in breaking down, transporting, and depositing Earth materials. Specific topics include the origins and classification of rocks and minerals, earthquakes, volcanoes, geologic time, rivers, glaciers, and coastal processes. Throughout the course students relate Earth processes and materials to human concerns, such as natural hazards, environmental degradation, and economic resources.

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NASC 140 Applied Physics (4 credits)

Note: Satisfies 4-credit Natural Sciences requirement.

Affords the students the opportunity to rationally evaluate and appreciate the significance of high technology developments and their potential business, industrial and political ramifications in today's society. A conceptual mastery of the topics of Newtonian physics is fostered through the lecture/laboratory/workshop format. Labs consist of a combination of hands-on experiments and multimedia computer simulations. Insights into how the concepts of force, motion and energy are routinely used to enrich and enhance lives include applications of indirect measurement, leg traction, throwing a curve ball, projectile launching, vehicular collisions, braking of a car, artificial gravity in a space station and black holes.

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NASE 301 Planetary Exploration in the Space Age (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): NASC 100, 101, or 140

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement

This course carefully examines our successful interplanetary space missions which image planets and their systems, measure their astronomical characteristics, and establish their histories and evolution. A key theme in these investigations is a detailed study of the Earth, in order to perform "comparative planetology" with other planets. Various themes in this comparison approach include planetary formation, temperature and environment, atmosphere and greenhouse effects, Terrestrial evolution and sustainability, magnetic fields, and planetary mass consequences. The most recent NASA missions, including those to Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn, will be covered in great detail. Topics include their technologies, flight paths, scientific goals and results, and key business aspects relating to their funding, construction, and operation.

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NASE 303 Life in the Universe (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Any NASC

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

To better understand where we should search for life beyond Earth, we must first establish the key astronomical characteristics which support Earth’s sustained habitability. This quest continues by studying Venus and Mars, the two planets near the Sun’s “habitable zone,” as well as several potentially habitable Jovian satellites, using information provided by NASA space probes.Beyond the solar system, stellar and planetary characteristics will be used to evaluate which types of stars might host Earth-like planets, and which of those planets could possibly support life. Incorporating other astronomical, biological, and philosophical concepts, we develop the “Drake Equation” to estimate the potential number of current, intelligent, communicative civilizations that may exist in the Galaxy right now. We will also examine newly discovered exoplanets, and discuss methods that have been used in attempting to detect signals from extraterrestrial civilizations.

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NASE 305 U.S. Space Program: Going Beyond (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Any NASC course

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, better known as NASA,
has made substantial contributions to our world, many of which are not known,
recognized, understood, or fully appreciated by the general public. This course is
designed to introduce students to the full scope of the U.S. space program by
presenting NASA's organizational structure, strategic plan and exploration policy,
by focusing on its current and future projects in various fields of astronomical
research, robotic and human exploration, and by carefully examining its many
achievements that impact society on a daily basis, at the intersection of science,
technology, and business.

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NASE 308 Health of Nations: Anatomy and Function of Health Systems in the Us and Around the World (3 credits)

Good health systems contribute to the prosperity of nations. The USA stands nearly alone among developed nations in not providing universal health care to its citizens. Although no system is perfect, more than 35 countries rated higher in quality, equity and efficiency than the USA according to a World Health Organization assessment conducted in 2001. Yet Americans pay far more per capita for healthcare than citizens of any other country. What factors account for this disparity?
This course will examine how health care is currently delivered in the USA, how this differs from other countries, and what we might learn from other countries about improving our system. Thus, we will compare the strengths and weaknesses of the present US healthcare system to the healthcare experiences of selected countries around the world towards learning what works in other places and what might or might not be applicable here as we move closer to reform.
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NASE 309 The Science and Business of Biotechnology (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): GB 101 or GB 112 and any NASC course

Note: Formerly NSID 305. Maybe used as an FI, MG or MK elective with department chairperson's approval or as an MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Integrates science and business in studying all aspects of the current "biotechnology revolution." Using the case study method, the formation, organization, production, financing and marketing of biotech companies as well as the selling of biotech products are examined. In addition to lectures, case discussions, guest speakers and a field trip to a local biomanufacturing facility, students will be responsible for one short presentation on a biotechnology company as well as for researching and writing their own due diligence analysis report analyzing one specific marketplace. The potential long-range medical, economic, legal and ethical implications of applying this science are also examined.

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NASE 311 Ecology: Principles and Applications (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): NASC 110, 111, 112, 121,122, 130

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Introduces the principles of ecology that are relevant to environmental science, including variation in the environment, energy flow, biogeochemical cycling, productivity, population growth and regulation, and interactions between organisms and their environment. The evolutionary nature of species interactions and its implications for conservation biology will be explained. The course will include study and discussion of environmental problems confronting the world, field trips to local environments, exercises designed to teach ecological concepts, and writing assignments, particularly a paper on the application of ecological principles to a current environmental issue. The course will prepare the student to function as an ecologically aware citizen and to appreciate more the natural environment.

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NASE 312 Animal Behavior (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): NASC 110, 111, 112

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Explores many different types of animal behaviors, such as choosing mates, protecting relatives, guarding territories, escaping predators, forming societies, as well as feeding, communicating, and migrating. Investigates the development and evolution of these behaviors through natural selection to help explain how and why they exist. A variety of invertebrate and vertebrate examples are presented in lectures, labs, and student presentations. Course includes field trips to a local habitat and the New England Aquarium.

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NASE 313 Human Nutrition: From Science to Life (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): NASC 110, 111, 112, 121

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Covers the fundamental principles of nutrition science and its applications to personal health and fitness at different stages of the life cycle: the nature and sources of nutrients, their actions, interactions, and balance in relation to health and disease; the anatomy and physiology of ingestion, digestion, absorption, transport, utilization, and excretion of nutrients, their metabolites, as well as other components in food; the effects of nutrient inadequacies and excesses in our diets in relation to physical and mental well-being and the etiology of disease; the social, economic, cultural, and psychological factors that affect the dietary behavior of individuals and population groups; and associated local, national, and global nutritional issues and problems. Emphasis is placed on acquiring both scientific and practical knowledge of the essentials of nutrition with the goal of learning to think critically about nutrition issues as lifelong consumers.

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NASE 314 Coastal Biology of Cape Cod (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Any NASC

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

A field-oriented course investigating various ecosystems of Cape Cod, focusing on the variety and types of organisms found in each area and their interrelationships with their natural surroundings. The ecosystems to be studied in this one-week intensive course on Cape Cod include sandy beaches and dunes, salt marshes, estuaries, rocky intertidal habitats, saltwater and freshwater ponds, and a rare Atlantic White Cedar swamp.

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NASE 315 Human Health and Disease in Today's World (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Examines human health and disease from the structure and function of the human body to its interaction with the environment. The genetic, physiological and behavioral factors that influence the physical and mental well-being of individuals is explored on all levels, including molecules, cells, organs, individuals and communities. Risk factors such as diet, sexuality, occupation, tobacco, alcohol and drugs are similarly evaluated with an emphasis on behavioral changes that optimize personal health or help manage adverse conditions. Modern challenges such as emerging diseases, pandemic flu and bioterrorism and their potential impact on students' lives are discussed. The health care system, from research and development, health care markets, access to insurance and alternative and complementary medicines are presented with the goal of helping students become more discerning consumers.

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NASE 316 Biology of Mind (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Any NASC

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This seminar explores the evolutionary origins and structures of mind, brain and consciousness. Students will critically review recent studies from diverse disciplines, including evolutionary biology and psychology, physical anthropology, the brain and cognitive sciences, and neurology as well as examine the questions raised by philosophy of mind. The biology underlying perception, emotions, language, memory, learning and consciousness will be studied though both readings and laboratory exercises.

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NASE 317 Economic Botany (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): NASC 110, 111, 112, 121, 122

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Human survival is dependent upon plants because the vast majority of our basic resources for food, beverage, fuel, clothing, shelter, medicine, and decoration are derived from botanical sources. This course discusses basic plant structure and function as it relates to economically important products; agriculture from its earliest beginnings to promising plants of the future; and the importance of plant breeding, propagation, and conservation to modern economy. Examples of plants and plant products used around the world will be illustrated through the use of fresh material, purchased products, videos, slides, internet links, and visits to appropriate businesses. Each student will choose a botanical industry to visit and will prepare a "fact book" of relevant materials.

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NASE 318 Global Health Challenges (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or A&S elective requirement

The forces of environmental, social and political change are expected to intensify in the decades to come. The reverberations of these inevitable changes will impact not only the magnitude of domestic and global health threats, but also their specific nature. Citizens and health systems must be prepared to deal with public health risks and consequences that they have never had to face before. Yet, as these challenges intensify, healthcare technologies are providing new tools for protecting human health. The balance between these evolving risks and our ability to deal with them will be critical in determining our future quality of life. This course will investigate public health from a community-based, global perspective, looking at health issues beyond our shores as well as the unwelcome risks and intrusions that global phenomena introduce into our lives at home.  I

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NASE 319 Human Inheritance (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This course introduces students to the basic principles of human inheritance and modern genetics and the practical applications of this science in understanding one's own characteristics, health, disease risk, and even behaviors. Recent advances in genetics have revolutionized our understanding of human biology as well as many aspects of everyday life including insurance, reproduction and medicine. This course challenges students to examine the personal, medical, social, legal, and ethical dilemmas arising from an understanding of human genetics and the human genome.

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NASE 321 Food and Food Additives (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): NASC 110, 111, 112, 121,122

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This course introduces students to the food groups, food supplements, food additives, nutrition labeling, and portion sizes though lecture and laboratory activities. The chemical structures of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins will be compared. In the laboratory, students will measure the sugar or salt content of different products such as fruit juices or sports drinks and the results will be compared to recommended USDA values. Students will also keep personal food and activity journals to analyze their eating habits and exercise patterns. The course goal is to create more informed consumers who can make nutritional decisions through an understanding of the foods they eat. Terms such as "natural," "processed," "low fat," or "fat free" will be defined and some taste testing will be done. Students will select a topic for in depth exploration and present the project to the class.

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NASE 322 Forensic Chemistry (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Any NASC

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Rooted in science, this course examines methods for the comparison of physical evidence from crime scenes. Students learn how forensic scientists conduct analyses using cutting-edge technology, while applying basic scientific principles from the fields of chemistry, physics and biology. The course covers common types of physical evidence, including fibers, paint, glass, soil, fingerprints, arson residues, bloodstain patterns, firearms, toolmarks, and biological fluids, as well as lesser-known types of evidence such as plastic bags. Students will examine and compare evidence in several laboratory sessions throughout the course.

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NASE 328 Water Quality (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): NASC 110, 111, 112, 121,122, 130

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

All of us should be concerned about the quality and cost of our drinking water. Many wars political and physical have historically concerned the use and misuse of drinking water. Drinking water is the focus of this course and examines the sources, delivery, and treatment received as water is delivered to us as well as the treatment and disposal of wastewater. This course has a lab oriented project where students select a topic and do specific chemical analysis on their samples and compare them with EPA guidelines. Common water pollutants such as bacteria, heavy metals, pesticides, and fertilizers are described and many tested for in lab activities. Samples from such places as Bentley Pond, the Charles River, and Walden Pond are collected and purified through accepted treatment method to see if it can be made "drinkable." Water softeners and other in home filtration methods are examined. Student projects include a lab component, a written paper and an oral presentation.

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NASE 333 Natural Disasters (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Introduces the concept of natural physical processes by which members of a society are harmed. Examines the origins, effects, prediction, measurement, and mitigation efforts of some of the common natural hazards. Topics such as volcanoes, earthquakes, landslides, floods and severe weather, using current examples of recent events where applicable. A project focusing on questions pertaining to such events is a major component of the course. This course is designated as Communication Intensive.  C   I

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NASE 334 Coastal Geology of Cape Cod (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Any NASC

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This is a one-week field-based course that studies the origins, geological features, and human impact on the coastline of New England. Through field observations, measurements, and data collection, students will learn about the dynamic coastal landscape and the geologic processes that formed and continually alter the coastline. Participants will study the coastal wetlands, beaches, sea-cliffs, and rocky headlands at various locations, including Cape Cod, Boston Harbor, Plum Island (northeastern MA), and southern Maine. Students will gain an understanding of the different set of geologic processes, development hazards, and environmental protection challenges that each location represents. May-term intensive one-week course

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NASE 335 Oceanography (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Any NASC

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Examines chemical and physical aspects of oceans and sea water, including geologic history of ocean basins, ocean currents, waves, tides, composition of sea water, types and movement of marine sediments, natural resources that oceans provide, and human impacts, such as pollution in the coastal and deep marine environment.

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NASE 336 Water and the Environment (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Any NASC

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Examines origin, distribution, and supply of water on the Earth. Topics include field measurement of runoff processes (including stream velocity, discharge, and sediment load); bathymetry, temperature, oxygen, and conductivity profiles of a pond or reservoir; and snowpack volume, density, and water content (in season). Laboratory exercises include drainage basin analysis and estimation of flood frequency and magnitude from air photos and topographic maps; experimental groundwater modeling from flow tubes to test Darcy's law; and flow-net construction for prediction of groundwater pollution. Overlying case study concerns "A Civil Action," a famous water contamination court proceeding. Offered in both one-week intensive and semester formats.

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NASE 337 Global Climate Change (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Any NASC

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Examines basic concepts of weather and climate, such as structure of the atmosphere, ocean and atmospheric circulation, and latitudinal and seasonal changes in relationship to distribution of land and water bodies on Earth. Also considered are temporal changes in large-scale climatic phenomena, such as atmospheric carbon dioxide, glaciations, sea level change, monsoons, impact of volcanoes, El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Greenhouse Effect, stratospheric ozone depletion, desertification, as well as human impacts on climate.  I

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NASE 339 Weather and Climate (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Any NASC

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Examines the fundamentals of meteorology, including solar and terrestrial radiation; temperature; air pressure; atmospheric moisture, stability, and circulation; fronts and air masses; thunderstorms; tornadoes; hurricanes; floods and droughts; El Nino; and global warming. Goals of the course include the ability to read a weather map, to understand the basis for five-day forecasts, and to be a better weather forecaster than the media stars on TV by simply using a barometer and cloud observations.

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NASE 341 Sports Physics (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): NASC 140

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Explores the physics behind a variety of sports. This course builds on the concepts learned in basic physics and investigates both simple and complex sports - track and field, baseball, golf, rock climbing, karate and more. Students will use a range of methods to explore details and peculiarities of sports. These include personal experience, observation, video analysis, computer modeling and laboratory simulations.

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NASE 342 Light and Color (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Any NASC

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

The ray, wave, and photon behavior of light is used to describe the function of optical elements such as mirrors, lenses, prisms and filters. How these elements are incorporated into optical products such as eyeglasses, cameras, telescopes, and microscopes is discussed. Emphasis is placed on human vision and the sensing of color. NS 381 includes descriptions of how the properties of light and color are applied in the newest areas of modern technology, i.e., fiber optics, color television, photography, printing, lasers and holography.

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NASE 344 Energy Alternatives (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Any NASC

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Surveys the fundamental laws governing energy and energy sources - a subject of major international significance in today's worldwide economy. Applications of the production and uses of power sources including fossil fuel, nuclear fission, nuclear fusion, solar energy, hydrodynamic resources, wind resources, biomass resources and geothermal reserves are discussed. The practicality, availability and environmental impact of these energy alternatives, as well as the associated short, medium and long term conservation strategies will be studied.

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NASE 345 How Things Work: Consumer Product Science (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or A&S elective requirement.

This elective course will explore how fundamental physics principles (electromagnetics, dynamics, mechanics, quantum theory, thermodynamics) are applied/utilized in the design and creation of everyday consumer products, from the mundane to the "cutting-edge". Basic physics topics/laws will be introduced and then specific examples of products that fall under that particular topic will be presented. Due to the large number of topics possible, the course content may evolve with student interest. Topics covered will include the design and function of LED's, CD/DVDs, Global Positioning Systems, air conditioning/refrigeration systems, internal combustion engines, microwave ovens, MRI systems, radar detectors, etc.

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NASE 350 Natural History of New England (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

A sense of place is crucial to developing attitudes toward appreciating and protecting natural environments. A natural history approach to understanding environments is experiencing a resurgence and wider application to modern day issues. This course examines components of New England's flora and fauna, including organisms commonly encountered in the field, such as birds, mammals, insects, and flowering plants, within the context of their land, air, and water environments. Students will learn also how to read the landscape, using clues for detecting natural and human-made disturbances. Field trips are a key component of this course, and thus is not offered in winter or spring.

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NASE 362 The Science in Science Fiction (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Any NASC

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Discusses the scientific principles which are borrowed or stretched by the science fiction writer to provide the environment or the major theme of the story. Covers a wide range of topics from many disciplines of the natural and social sciences, including space travel, sources of power, life in outer space, societal patterns, communication, intelligence, time and relativity, etc. Science fiction has paid close and early attention to the subjects of ecological impact, environmental concerns, resource management and interspecies interactions and/or diversity, and the dire consequences of disregarding them; these topics will be discussed at every opportunity.

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NASE 364 Science of Sustainability (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Any NASC

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Examines the scientific basis for human development that provides people with a better life without sacrificing and/or depleting Earth resources or causing environmental impacts that will undercut future generations. Examples of Earth resources to be studied include air, water, soil, forests, energy, minerals, fish, wildlife, and agriculture. A service-learning project concerning conservation, recycling, and re-use of everyday materials and products in the local area is a major component of the course.

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NASE 368 Lewis & Clark: Scientific Contributions (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Any NASC

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Examines the many interdisciplinary aspects of the Lewis and Clark expedition (1803-1806) from the initial mission of President Thomas Jefferson to the organization and scientific preparation and then to the ultimate journey of the Corps of Discovery. While studying the journals and chronological events in both text and images, students will gain a greater appreciation and understanding of some of the new experiences of this historic expedition, including encounters with grizzly bears, salmon, bison, rivers, forests, and Native Americans. Students will study some of the hundreds of plants and animals that Lewis and Clark introduced to science, including the numerous species named after them. Geography, geology, and technology for survival will also be a part of this course.

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NASE 401 Directed Study in Natural and Applied Sciences (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Chair's permission

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Directed Study topics must be submitted for approval by instructor, chair and Associate Dean of Arts and Sciences.

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NASE 402 Seminar in Natural and Applied Sciences (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Chair's permission

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement. Not offered regularly. Check with department chair for availability.

Permits small-group study of selected topics by advanced students. (May be repeated for credit.)

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NASE 403 Special Topics in Applied & Natural Sciences (3 credits)

Note: Instructor permission required.

Examines a different theme or themes in each semester related to natural and applied sciences. Currently planned are topics related to the environment, sustainability, psychology, and healthcare.

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NASE 415 Research in Natural and Applied Sciences (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Any NASC & Jr. standing. & Chair's permission

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Provides the student an opportunity to develop an independent research project on an environmental issue. In this hands-on experience, the student will expand analytical and critical thinking skills, writing ability and computer experience. Students will learn how to operate state-of-the-art laboratory and field equipment if appropriate to the project. Students are expected to exercise their own initiative in both planning the project and relating it to specific issues of environmental science.

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NASE 421 Internship in Natural and Applied Sciences (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Any NASC, Junior standing, 3.0 cumulative average, and Chairperson's permission

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Provides the students with an opportunity to gain on-the-job experiences and apply scientific principles and concepts learned in the classroom to specific work environments. The student is required to attend pre-internship workshops sponsored by the Center for Career Services, meet regularly with a faculty adviser, keep weekly logs of activities, do a final paper or special project and provide an evaluation of the experience at the end of the internship.

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PS 210 Pioneers in Psychology (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or A&S elective requirements.

The course focuses on applied psychology. The following major perspectives of psychology: Functionalism, Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism, Humanism, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Socio-cultural Psychology and Neuropsychology will be investigated in the context of the dominant social and historical events and trends of the 20th Century. Our scientific explanations and predictions about human behavior have been partly shaped by world wars, cold wars, culture wars, societal upheavals, scientific discoveries and information/communication technologies. In the end, we are still left with the question, "What is it that makes us uniquely human?"

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PS 230 Sports Psychology (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science and Arts and Sciences elective requirements

This course involves the study of athletes and sport using concepts and theories from psychology. Topics include the development, personality and emotional life of the athlete, as well as performance enhancement issues such as arousal regulation, attention, motivation, control of cognition, relaxation techniques, coaching and counseling. The course applies fundamental concepts of general psychology to the subspecialty of sports.

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PS 240 Child Psychology (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements

Focuses on the world of the child from birth through adolescence. Emphasis is placed on the sequence of development during this period. While normal developmental patterns and preventive aspects are central, the student investigates some areas of psychopathology, play therapy, familial influences and prenatal care.

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PS 252 Dynamics of Personality (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements

Investigates the development and stability of those traits and behaviors that remain fairly stable over time and make each human being unique. The biological and genetic inheritance of the individual is examined as it is shaped over time by various external and internal processes including family dynamics, culture, social influence, individual self concept and perception, and ongoing adjustment to situational challenges. Theories of personality are incorporated in a practical way to lend insight into the complexity of human uniqueness. The personality issues that influence behavior in the world of business including cross-cultural sensitivity, achievement, entrepreneurship, relationship building and leadership are explored.

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PS 266 Psychology of Adjustment (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements

Focuses on the major theories and psychological principles of human adjustment across the life-span including self-concept, development, motivation, stress and anxiety. Considers human values in relation to interpersonal relationships, and examines intellectual and emotional resources for personal change and growth.

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PS 275 Cross Cultural Psychology (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or A&S elective requirements.

This Cross cultural psychology course will examine the cultural similarities and differences of individuals and groups from various parts of the world in order to understand their behaviors, thoughts, and feelings as they experience the world. Much of the information will be based on quantitative, qualitative research and anecdotal materials to assist the learning process. The following is among the many topics to be discussed: alternative conceptions of intelligence, female/male views on culture, individualism versus collectivism, worldview of lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals, nonverbal aspects of language, direct versus indirect communication, social consequences of bilingualism, common experiences of immigrants and refugees, overt versus covert racism, white privilege, racial identity development, causes of health disparities, and understanding culturally similar and different individuals.  D

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PS 305 Environmental Psychology (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or A&S elective requirement.

This course will explore the rapidly growing field of Environmental Psychology focused on understanding the interactions between human behavior and both the natural and built environments. The American Psychological Association defines these fields as: "Natural Environment - Environmental Psychology explores human responses to natural and technological hazards, conservation psychology, and place preference." Built Environment - Environmental Psychology examines environmental perception and cognition, environmental design, city planning, sustainable development, and place preference in regard to man-made environments.

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PS 311 Social Psychology (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements

Investigates our shared human experience studying the impact of interaction with other individuals, groups and the social context upon individual thinking, emotions and behavior. Focuses on the application of social scientific research to practical situations including social influence, interpersonal perception, attitude changes, persuasion and prejudice. The course content is also practically applied to relevant topics in the world of business including leadership, influence, group and team interaction, consumer behavior and decision making under conditions of uncertainty.  D

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PS 325 Cyber Psychology (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements

Cyber Psychology examines the influences of information technology on human behavior. Current literature and the results of recent research will be analyzed to demonstrate these influences. Issues of interpersonal communication, personality, cognitive and social development, addiction and perceptual behavior will be addressed in depth.

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PS 328 Financial Psychology (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): EC 111 and EC 112

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or A&S elective requirement.

This course will apply psychological concepts and theory to finance and economics. Topics such as behavioral theory, heuristics, trust formation, self-serving bias, risk and loss aversion, identity, herd behavior and emotion will be addressed. Case studies in personal finance, economic crisis, financial markets and public policy will serve as a vehicle to apply psychology. The study of contemporary research in behavioral economics will be presented.

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PS 333 Gender Psychology (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or A&S elective requirements.

The goals of this course are for the student to gain a better understanding of the development of men and women, and the psychological issues involved in understanding the way they operate in the world today. The course will explore in some depth several theoretical stances of gender development and Psychology; the students will gain a better understanding of how that impacts upon them as men and women. This course will focus the common issues that come in the professional and personal life. The course will compare and contrast gender influenced behavior between women and men. We will explore alternatives to the old problems between the genders, and find new ways to deal with each other because of new levels of understanding the course will generate.  D

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PS 340 Health Psychology (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements

This course studies Psychology as a health science. It examines the applications of the theories and methods of Psychology to health care, health maintenance and health-related behaviors. Beginning with a formulation of mind and body as an integrated system rather than as two separate systems, it seeks to examine the role of behavior in the prevention, onset, and course of illness and disease. Many chronic illnesses are related to lifestyle, and current research in weight management and dietary change, smoking cessation, substance use and abuse and stress management will be examined. Applications of Psychology in the treatment of many disorders such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, gastrointestinal disorders and chronic pain will be presented. Ultimately, this course is about the empowerment of individuals to take charge of their own health status and wellness, and about some of the tools and strategies currently in use to accomplish this task.

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PS 341 Human Relations in Health Care (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Any 200 level or higher Psychology or Management class or GB 215

Note: This course has an embedded Service Learning component

This course will acquaint students with theories that illuminate human relations patterns and practices in a wide variety of health care settings. Students will receive practice in the formal analysis of communication problems that manifest in pharmaceutical companies, HMOs, group practices and institutional settings. Participants will be taught to recognize elements of successful versus dysfunctional dynamics in health care organizations. An understanding of contemporary practices and trends in health care organizations will be provided. An introduction to interventions as well as methods of human relations training will be covered. This course will provide insight into using psychological theories and skills necessary for effective interpersonal relations among professionals in the healthcare industry. An emphasis will be placed on refining oral, written and visual presentation skills necessary for effective teamwork in healthcare organizations.

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PS 380 Psychology of Self (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements

This psychology of personal growth course is structured as an interactive, theme-oriented group class exploring life choices in the struggle towards personal autonomy. The topics include choosing a personal style of learning; reviewing childhood and adolescence and autonomy; maintaining a healthy body and wellness; managing stress; love, intimate relationships, gender roles, and sexuality; work and relaxation; loneliness and solitude; death and loss; and choosing one's meaning in life. Student discussion is a must to explore the above topics.  D

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PS 388 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements

This course is designed to show different ways psychologists think about their work, the challenging issues they often face, and how they may help clients cope with life problems. The five major paradigms of abnormal psychology: biological (neuroscientific), cognitive, psychoanalytic, humanistic and existential, and learning will provide a foundation for the course. These paradigms will influence the thinking and techniques utilized as psychologists attempt to approach and analyze each of the following disorders: anxiety, major depression, substance abuse, eating disorders, personality disorders, obsessive compulsive disorders, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia. Videos will be shown to bring some of the disorders to life . There will be a strong emphasis on culture, ethnic, gender, and women's issues.  D

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PS 401 Directed Study in Psychology (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Chairperson's permission

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements

Directed Study topics must be submitted for approval by instructor, chair and Associate Dean of Arts and Sciences.

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PS 402 Seminar in Psychology (3 credits)

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements. Not offered regularly. Check with department chair for availability.

Explores the full range of applications of behavioral strategies and techniques in health science and in maintaining healthy lifestyles. Mind-body interaction is presented as a unified system with multiple surfaces of interface in both health and illness. The body is not a mechanical entity but a system in which thoughts, feelings, moods and actions have an impact upon health status. These psychological factors impact the onset of some diseases, the course of many others and the management of most. In addition, lifestyle is often a contributor to the emergence of many chronic diseases. Health Psychology seeks to study how interventions at the behavioral level can promote health and wellness, facilitate disease management and assist in reducing the costs of health care to society.

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PS 421 Internship in Psychology (3 credits)

Prerequisite(s): Junior-level standing, 3.0 cumulative average, and permission of liberal arts internship coordinator.

An internship provides the student with an opportunity to gain on-the-job experience and apply principles and issues raised in the academic discipline to a work environment. The student is required to attend pre-internship workshops sponsored by the Center for Career Services, meet regularly with a faculty adviser, and develop a final paper or special project.

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